Tree: Arjuna

Arjuna-Tree Arjuna

Terminalia arjuna (Arjuna) is a well-known medicinal extract whose bark is extensively used in ayurvedic medicine, particularly as cardiac tonic. Arjuna refers to the bark of Terminalia Arjuna; this tree is an evergreen tree that grows in Himalayan forests. Arjuna is a medicinal herb, used in Ayurveda treatment to treat numerous disorders particularly used as a cardiac tonic. Demand for Arjuna bark, both in India and abroad has been growing rapidly for over a decade.

Terminalia arjuna, commonly known as arjuna, belongs to the family of Combretaceae. Its bark decoction is being used in the Indian subcontinent for anginal pain, hypertension, congestive heart failure, and dyslipidemia, based on the observations of ancient physicians for centuries.

Arjuna improves cardiac muscle function and pumping activity of the heart. Its strength of contraction of heart muscle improvement is due to the saponin glycosides. The flavonoids and OPCs provide free radical antioxidant activity and vascular strengthening.

Potential Benefits

  • Arjuna shows improvement in lipid profile; there will be a significant decrease in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol.
  • Arjuna can also normalize high blood pressure.
  • COQ10 in Arjuna supports the heart’s energy output, and enhances overall energy levels, stamina, immunity, and boosts antioxidant levels.
  • Arjuna herb helps to reduce the effects of stress and nervousness on the heart.
  • Arjuna can successfully decrease the persistence of angina attacks. Angina attack is a pain or tightness experiencing in the chest causing due to reduced blood flow to the heart.
  • Arjuna shows a significant improvement in patients with congestive heart failure; the patient may find improvement in dyspnea, fatigue, edema and walking tolerance.
  • Arjuna can help shed excess body weight.
  • Arjuna has compounds that protect against DNA damage from toxins.

Researched Benefits

Arjuna has shown promise in the following conditions:

  • Angina
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Hypertension
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease
  • Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Platelet Aggregation
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Lipoprotein(a)
  • Endothelial Dysfunction
  • Thrombotic Condition

Possible Side Effects

Mild side effects like nausea, gastritis, headache, bodyache, constipation, and insomnia have been reported.

Interactions and Precautions

Terminalia Arjuna has been shown to be fine to use with standard heart medications, including digoxin, diuretics, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, and vasodilators, without any adverse effects. Always check with your medical professional before taking any new remedy, especially in combination with medications or medical conditions.

Arjuna lessens the ability of the blood to clot, so be cautious if taking blood thinners and always check with your medical professional.

Studies to Dive Into

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Warrier PK, Nambiar VP, Ramankutty C. Indian Medicinal Plants: A Compendium of 500 Species. Available from: http://books.google.co.in/books?id=X2yNfl0PbrgC and q=terminalia+arjuna#v=snippet and q=terminalia%20arjuna and f=false 

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